American Cocker Spaniel
“When Cocker Spaniels were imported to North America in the 1880s, the breed gradually changed as breeders produced a smaller dog, higher on leg, shorter in back, with a sloping topline, shorter muzzle, more domed skull, heavier coat and profuse leg furnishings. By the 1930s, the differences between North American and English Cockers were so obvious, efforts were made to split the breed. In 1947, the original Cocker was renamed the English Cocker Spaniel and the new variety retained the name Cocker Spaniel in the U.S. Elsewhere, it is known as the American Cocker Spaniel. The breed almost became too popular for its own good when Ch. My Own Brucie took Best in Show at the famed Westminster Kennel Club show in 1940 and ’41. Overpopulation threatened to destroy the Cocker’s merry temperament, but the trend has now reversed and the breed’s personality is as attractive as its appearance.
Merry, outgoing, friendly and happy but not yappy are all apt descriptions of the American Cocker’s personality.
The American Cocker can exhibit considerable speed and endurance, and shows a keen inclination to work. Though Cockers started as gun dogs, most American Cockers enjoy life as loved and loving housepets. Exercise needs are moderate.
The ideal height for a male is 15 in (38 cm) at the withers, while females should be 14 in (36 cm).
The silky coat is flat or slightly wavy and of medium length on the body. The ears, chest, abdomen and legs are well feathered. The hair on the head is short and fine.
The American Cocker’s luxurious coat comes in three colour varieties – black, ASCOB (Any Solid Colour Other Than Black) and parti-colour (white with markings in another colour).
The silky coat needs frequent brushing. Some trimming is done on the head, throat and around the feet. Eyes and ears should be checked regularly and cleaned as necessary.”
(Source-Canadian Kennel Club)