Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
“Once the favourite breed of King Charles II of England, the small sporting spaniel was first dubbed the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel. Then oriental breeds came into fashion and breeders began crossbreeding the spaniels to achieve a more snub-nosed, round-headed look. In 1926, a wealthy American visited England in search of the small spaniels so often seen in portraits of King Charles. But there were none. So he offered monetary prizes to be awarded at the famed Crufts Dog Show for the male and female most closely resembling the original King Charles Spaniel. British breeders rose to the occasion and by 1945, the recreated breed had arrived. To avoid confusion with the now-snub-nosed King Charles Spaniels, the breed was named the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel since Charles was known as the Cavalier King.
Gentle and affectionate with a happy, sporting and fearless nature, the Cavalier is known as a wonderful companion. Indeed the breed was known as the “Comforter” or the “Spaniel Gentle” in the early days of its history.
Though playful and alert, the Cavalier is a born lapdog whose exercise requirements are easily satisfied. It is relatively quiet and calm-natured.
The Cavalier stands 12-13 in (30-33 cm) in height and weighs approximately 12-18 lb (5.5-8 kg).
The coat is long, silky and may have a slight wave. To add to its endearing appearance, the Cavalier carries feathering on the ears, legs, feet and tail.
Four colour variations are found in the breed. Blenheim is a pearly white background with bright-red-chestnut markings. The tri-colour has jet-black markings on a white background with tan markings over the eyes, on the cheeks, inside the ears, legs and under the tail. Ruby is a whole-coloured rich red. Black-and-tan is jet black with tan markings.
The silky coat requires only brushing to keep it neat. No trimming is permitted or needed.”