“As British as Big Ben, the English bulldog is believed to have evolved from the Molossian dog first brought to Britain by Phoenician traders in the 6th century BC. The breed was exploited in the sport of bull baiting, a practice that existed from Roman times. Though the Bulldog may appear to be oddly made, each point of its structure was bred into the breed to aid or protect it while attempting to overcome a bull. When bull baiting was outlawed early in the 19th century, the future looked bleak for the Bulldog until a handful of breeders set to preserving this breed that had become a symbol of British courage and tenacity. When The Kennel Club (England) was organized in 1873, the Bulldog was among the first of the breeds to be recognized.
For a dog that once faced bulls, the Bulldog is calm and dignified with a steady, even disposition. He is resolute and courageous but not vicious or aggressive.
The Bulldog has a relatively low activity level. He can adjust to just about any environment and his exercise needs are easily met. Potential owners should be aware that the Bulldog’s facial structure makes him subject to snuffling, snorting and snoring. He also suffers in hot weather so special care is needed in the summer.
The low-slung, heavy-set Bulldog weighs 40-50 lb (18-22.5 kg).
The coat is smooth, short, straight and flat.
Bulldog coats may be brindle, white, red, fawn, fallow or piebald.
The Bulldog coat is virtually wash and wear.